FYPs/Thesis/Journal from Higher Education Institutions in Hong Kong


Below Information is provided by the Higher Insitutions signed MoU with CIC.



Date: From


Institution Title Type Date Author(s) Abstract Link
HKUST Quantification of construction and demolition waste prevented by BIM-based design validation: Case studies in South Korea Journal 01/2016 Won, J., Cheng, J.C.P., and Lee, G. Waste generated in construction and demolition processes comprised around 50% of the solid waste in South Korea in 2013. Many cases show that design validation based on building information modeling (BIM) is an effective means to reduce the amount of construction waste since construction waste is mainly generated due to improper design and unexpected changes in the design and construction phases. However, the amount of construction waste that could be avoided by adopting BIM-based design validation has been unknown. This paper aims to estimate the amount of construction waste prevented by a BIM-based design validation process based on the amount of construction waste that might be generated due to design errors. Two project cases in South Korea were studied in this paper, with 381 and 136 design errors detected, respectively during the BIM-based design validation. Each design error was categorized according to its cause and the likelihood of detection before construction. The case studies show that BIM-based design validation could prevent 4.3–15.2% of construction waste that might have been generated without using BIM. Link
HKUST Parametric modeling and evolutionary optimization for cost-optimal and low-carbon design of high-rise reinforced concrete buildings Journal 07/2019 Gan, V.J.L., Wong, C.L., Tse, K.T., Cheng, J.C.P., Lo, I.M.C., and Chan, C.M. Design optimization of reinforced concrete structures helps reducing the global carbon emissions and the construction cost in buildings. Previous studies mainly targeted at the optimization of individual structural elements in low-rise buildings. High-rise reinforced concrete buildings have complicated structural designs and consume tremendous amounts of resources, but the corresponding optimization techniques were not fully explored in literature. Furthermore, the relationship between the optimization of individual structural elements and the topological arrangement of the entire structure is highly interactive, which calls for new optimization methods. Therefore, this study aims to develop a novel optimization approach for cost-optimal and low-carbon design of high-rise reinforced concrete structures, considering both the structural topology and individual element optimizations. Parametric modelling is applied to define the relationship between individual structural members and the behavior of the entire building structure. A novel evolutionary optimization technique using the genetic algorithm is proposed to optimize concrete building structures, by first establishing the optimal structural topology and then optimizing individual member sizes. In an illustrative example, a high-rise reinforced concrete building is used to examine the proposed optimization approach, which can systematically explore alternative structural designs and identify the optimal solution. It is shown that the carbon emissions and material cost are both reduced by 18–24% after performing optimization. The proposed approach can be extended to optimize other types of buildings (such as steel framework) with a similar problem nature, thereby improving the cost efficiency and environmental sustainability of the built environment. Link
HKUST Optimizing lift operations and vessel transport schedules for disassembly of multiple offshore platforms using BIM and GIS Journal 06/2018 Tan, Y., Song, Y., Zhu, J., Long, Q., Wang, X., and Cheng, J.C.P. As the coming decades will witness a big trend in the decommissioning of offshore platforms, simultaneously disassembling topsides of multiple offshore platforms is getting increasingly common. Considering high risk and cost of offshore operations, module lift planning among multiple offshore platforms with transport vessels is required to be carefully conducted. The lift planning usually contains two main parts: module layout on vessels planning and vessel transport schedules arrangement. In contrast to the current experience-driven module lift planning, this paper formulates the lift planning optimization problem and develops a web system integrating building information modeling (BIM) and geographical information system (GIS) to efficiently disassemble topsides for multiple offshore platforms. BIM provides detailed information required for planning module layout on vessels and GIS contains the management and analysis of geospatial information for the vessel transport schedule arrangement. As for module layout optimization, three heuristic algorithms, namely genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO), and firefly algorithm (FA) are implemented and compared to obtain the module layout with the minimum total lift time. While for vessel transport schedule, graph search technique is integrated with a developed schedule clash detection function to obtain the transport schedule with the minimum sailing time. The proposed optimization algorithms and techniques are integrated into a developed BIM/GIS-based web system. An example of three offshore platforms with eighteen modules in total is used to illustrate the developed system. Results show that the developed system can significantly improve the efficiency of lift planning in multiple topsides disassembly. The developed BIM/GIS-based web system is also effective and practical in the resource allocation and task assignment among multiple locations, such as construction sites, buildings, and even cities. Link
HKUST Optimization of Occupant Thermal Comfort and Energy Consumption in HVAC Systems Using a BIM-Supported Computational Approach FYP 06/2019 LUK, Tsz Hin
SIU, Chun Fai
This project aims to analyse thermal comfort and indoor air quality (IAQ) in a lecture theatre where the HVAC system consists of a Variable Air Volume (VAV) system, Displacement Ventilation (DV) system, and Demand Control Ventilation (DCV) system. Based on the simulation result, a strategy is proposed to minimize electricity consumption while maintaining sufficient thermal comfort and indoor air quality to the occupant.

The analysis is conducted using Building Information Modelling (BIM), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software, and energy simulation software to simulate the airflow, temperature, CO2 concentration and energy consumption in different scenarios. Thermal comfort and IAQ are evaluated by comparing the simulated result to the international standards and local guidelines such as ASHRAE and HKIAQ. Autodesk CFD, Revit, eQUEST and EnergyPlus are used for the simulations in this project.

The simulation result shows that ventilation at the back of the lecture theatre is poor even though the air handling units run in full capacity. This project has found that changing the location of the inlet of supply air duct can significantly improve the ventilation at the back without increasing the electricity consumption. CFD simulation shows that even in 100% occupancy, the lecture theatre after modification fulfils the requirement of an excellent class according to HKIAQ’s objective.
HKUST Optimization of HVAC Systems for Improved Indoor Air Quality and Occupant Thermal Comfort Using a BIM-Supported Computational Approach FYP 06/2020 CHEUNG, Hing
SO, Wai Hin
Air pollution problems are getting more serious and rapid in recent years. Its impacts affect us greatly in many aspects like climate changes, causing health problems and the consequences of increasing the economic burden. In 2016, there is an estimated 4.2 million premature deaths caused by bad air quality in the world. Instead of the long-term exposure effects, short term exposure to air pollutants such as PM10 and NOx will also be irritant to people which cause sneezing, headaches and dizziness, etc. Therefore, there is an urgent need to seek methods to alleviate the problems. However, the effects of air pollutions to the people cannot be determined simply since the amount of air pollutants will be different in different locations and time. To tackle this problem, it is suggested to analyze the data provided by the real-time estimation of people’s exposure to the air pollutants. Based on a given indoor environment with different HVAC components, the indoor air quality can be simulated by the aid of Building Information Technology (BIM) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). Hence, the simulation result can be interpreted and used for the optimization of HVAC systems for a better indoor air quality (IAQ).

This report presents the research conducted on the application of BIM to HVAC systems for optimizing the IAQ. Analysis of the application of BIM and the detailed operation of HVAC systems to explore how BIM-supported computational approach can optimize HVAC systems for improved indoor and thermal occupant comfort (Aktiengesellschaft). TAL building in Jordan was selected as the target area of this report and act as an example. The site visit of the building is conducted and its daily operation and building systems are analyzed and evaluated. After that, building of BIM model of TAL building has started. With the usage of Autodesk Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), we tried to simulate the actual indoor environment of TAL building. Before running the simulation, the calculating of different boundary conditions of the model and the construction of BIM model in CFD are conducted. The process of them will be described in this report. After reporting the progress, the result of simulation will be shown and further analysis and evaluation will be conducted through the interpretation of the simulation results.
HKUST Natural-language-based intelligent retrieval engine for BIM object database Journal 03/2019 Wu, S., Shen, Q., Deng, Y., and Cheng, J.C.P. Rapid growth of building components in the BIM object database increases the difficulty of the efficient query of components that users require. Retrieval technology such as Autodesk Seek in America and BIMobject in Europe, which are widely used in BIM databases, are unable to understand what the search field truly means, causing a lack of completion and a low accuracy rate for results incapable of meeting the demands of users. To tackle such a problem, this paper puts forward a natural-language-based intelligent retrieval engine for the BIM object database and Revit modeling. First, a domain ontology is constructed for semantic understanding, and the BIM object database framework is established for testing our search engine. Second, “target keyword” and “restriction sequence” proposed are extracted from the natural sentences of users. Then, a final query is formed, combining concepts of “keyword” and “restriction sequence”, and its concepts are expanded through the semantic relationship in ontology. Finally, the results are presented after mapping from the final query to the BIM object database and ranking of results. Compared with traditional keyword-based methods, the experimental results demonstrate that our method outperforms the traditional methods. Link