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BIM Awareness Seminar PowerPoint


CIC BIM Adoption Survey 2019_Cover

2019建筑信息模拟採用情况调查(只提供英文版本)


The BIM Adoption Survey conducted in the year of 2019 aims to establish a fuller picture of the BIM adoption situation in the Hong Kong construction industry and a baseline for benchmarking BIM adoption. It explores the hurdles and opportunities in BIM adoption so as to recommend and develop strategies and actions to advance the BIM adoption in Hong Kong. We welcome feedbacks on the report to bimsurvey@cic.hk.

香港专上院校所提供之论文/研究刊物(只提供英文版本)


以下资料由与建造业议会签署合作备忘录的专上学院提供。 院校 题目 类型 日期 作者 摘要 网页 HKU An Image-driven Integrated System to Construct As-is IFC BIM of Existing Buildings Thesis 02/2018 LU Qiuchen The existing buildings have been operated and maintained using traditional Operations and Maintenance (O&M) strategies and methods. However, building O&M has been notoriously known for its inefficient and ineffective practice, which often causes tragic accidents, and is consequently unsatisfactory to building occupants and owners. Building Information Modeling (BIM) could support different activities throughout the life cycle of a building and has been widely applied in design and construction phases nowadays. It has shown promising opportunities and advantages in BIM applications for the improvement in O&M. However, BIM has not been widely implemented in the O&M phase. As-is BIM for existing buildings and updating the models is still considered to be a time-consuming process that requires great effort, high cost, and skilled workers. Moreover, lack of accurate and complete as-is information is one of the key reasons leading to the low-level efficiency in O&M. Hence, an effective and convenient approach to record as-is conditions of the existing buildings and create as-is BIM would be the essential step for improving efficiency and effectiveness of O&M, and furthermore possibly refurbishment of the building. Firstly, this study conducts a systematic review and analysis for image-based as-is BIM construction techniques and methods to highlight the importance of the as-is BIM generation methods. Then, this research provides a comprehensive and comparative analysis of current practices of building O&M without and with BIM assists in a systematic and dynamic way based on the activity theory to figure out the practices and major problems of as-is BIM implementation in building O&M. In order to solve the research gaps, this study presents an image-driven integrated system to construct IFC-based as-is BIM of existing buildings. This integrated system includes three modules: (1) Module 1; to extract text information from CAD drawings and further support constructing building framework. (2) Module 2; to propose an image-based recognition system to recognize building objects and their materials from images and provide complementary building information for further create IFC BIM in Module 3. (3) Module 3; to develop the IFC BIM generation system to integrate building information from Module 1 and 2 and further create the IFC BIM for target building. In details, Module 1 extracts text information and locations from the CAD drawings using the Optical Character Recognition (OCR) algorithm. The Module 2 supports recognizing structure object types and their corresponding materials according to one single image collected by a handheld digital camera using Neuro Fuzzy System (NFS) with image classification techniques (supported by a developed texture library). With the goal of creating an effective, convenient and low-cost approach to construct as-is BIM, the developed system is further validated and tested in real projects. Knowledge gained from this research and the proposed computational system will form a solid foundation and a comprehensive platform for researchers and industries. Click Here HKU Architectural and Structural Design Review for Buildings in a BIM-based Virtual Reality Environment FYP 06/2019 LO Man Hon VR design review is currently not a common practice in AEC industry. Because wide varieties of modelling BIM-to-VR workflow complicate the practical operation while there is insufficient study on structural and architectural VR application. To facilitate VR development, there is an immediate need to demonstrate a comprehensive case study of an entire VR design review. This project aims to study a construction-professionals-friendly BIM-to-VR workflow, and evaluate the approach, potentials, limitations and effectiveness of VR design review. The BEACON hotel, Hong Kong was chosen for case study which involves 3 stages: modelling, VR design review simulation and result analysis. Structural and architectural BIM models were firstly constructed by Revit. Without personal creation of C# scripts, BIM-to-VR conversion and VR modelling in Unity were demonstrated. This process can offer an introductory workflow for AEC professionals. VR design review simulation was implemented by 10 reviewers. The simulation process and questionnaire results were analyzed to evaluate VR design review. The modelling stage suggested a simple, efficient and flexible BIM-to-VR workflow. The simulation was implemented under a 3-stages approach which demonstrated a potential of bidirectional relationship. Based on quantitative and qualitative analysis, several potentials and limitations were identified. Effectiveness was classified as “at moderate extent” attributed to the incapability of engineering analysis in VR models. The challenges can be overcome by an implementation of IFC files, synchronization, multiple player platform, advanced VR functions and VR AEC library. Preliminary research on IFC information conversion and specialized use case in staircase analysis was demonstrated for future research reference. N.A. HKU Interactive Construction Site Planning in a Virtual Reality Environment FYP 06/2019 PANG Fong Chun N.A. N.A. HKU Realistic Visualization of Bridge Structure in a Virtual Reality Environment FYP 06/2019 ZHONG Pei Qi In recent years, the rapid advancement in Building Information Modelling (BIM) technology has enabled it to be applied across different industries. Efficient collaboration of data is essential for successful project delivery of BIM, which mainly relies on its visualization performance. In the construction industry, BIM is being visualized in a Virtual Reality environment for the immersive experience. As a large number of software for BIM and VR computing are available on the internet, it is vital to find the most effective workflow to transfer the project from modeling tool to the VR engine. This report investigates the current technology of BIM and VR software and discusses their performance and linkage. The performance of different VR platforms is also compared. An example of VR integrated collaboration workflow is demonstrated by building a model based on an existing bridge, Millau Viaduct in France, with architectural details using multiple modeling software and is visualized in different gaming engines. N.A. HKU Interactive Bridge Construction Sequence Development in a Virtual Reality Environment FYP 06/2019 LAI Kak Yi N.A. N.A. HKU An algorithm to facet curved walls in IFC BIM for building energy analysis Journal 07/2019 Huaquan YING Sanghoon LEE The automatic transformation of a Building Information Model (BIM) in Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) to a building energy model (BEM) demonstrates significant benefits on the improvement of efficiency and accuracy in a building energy modeling process. However, so far, building objects with curved surfaces in IFC models are not supported by existing transformation approaches as they only handle polyhedral geometries. This study presents an algorithm to automatically facet curved walls and convert their geometries into polyhedrons, so that they can be further processed by existing transformation approaches. In the process of faceting curved walls, geometric connections between each target wall and adjacent walls are detected and handled to maintain the connections in the results. Furthermore, the algorithm updates the geometries of relevant building objects, including straight walls connected to curved walls, openings (i.e., windows and doors) on curved walls and spaces enclosed by curved walls, based on the faceted geometries. This removes curved surfaces of these objects on the one hand, and maintains their geometric relationships on the other. Moreover, slabs with the curved surfaces are also faceted. This algorithm takes an IFC BIM that pertains to the model view definition Concept Design BIM 2010 as an input. It generates a new IFC BIM, in which all curved walls and relevant building objects are represented as polyhedral geometries with correct geometric relationships. A prototype application that implements the algorithm was developed to evaluate the performance of the algorithm with a simple building model and a complex real-world building model. In the results, all the curved walls were faceted, and all relevant straight walls, openings, spaces and slabs were correctly updated, which indicated that the algorithm worked as intended. Click Here HKU A Domain Knowledge Incorporated Text-Mining Approach for Capturing User Needs on BIM Applications Journal 07/2019 Shenghua ZHOUS. Thomas NGSanghoon LEEFrank J. XUYifan YANG Purpose – In the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry, technology developers have difficulties in fully understanding user needs due to the high domain knowledge threshold and the lack ofeffective and efficient methods to minimise information asymmetry between technology developers and AEC users. The paper aims to discuss this issue.Design/methodology/approach – A synthetic approach combining domain knowledge and text miningtechniques is proposed to help capture user needs, which is demonstrated using building informationmodelling (BIM) apps as a case. The synthetic approach includes the: collection and cleansing of BIM apps’ attribute data and users’ comments; incorporation of domain knowledge into the collected comments; performance of a sentiment analysis to distinguish positive and negative comments; exploration of the relationships between user sentiments and BIM apps’ attributes to unveil user preferences; and establishment of a topic model to identify problems frequently raised by users.Findings – The results show that those BIM app categories with high user interest but low sentiments orsupplies, such as “reality capture”, “interoperability” and “structural simulation and analysis”, should deserve greater efforts and attention from developers. BIM apps with continual updates and of small size are more preferred by users. Problems related to the “support for new Revit”, “import & export” and “external linkage” are most frequently complained by users.Originality/value – The main contributions of this work include: the innovative application of text miningtechniques to identify user needs to drive BIM apps development; and the development of a syntheticapproach to orchestrating domain knowledge, text mining techniques (i.e. sentiment analysis and topicmodelling) and statistical methods in order to help extract user needs for promoting the success of emerging technologies in the AEC industry. Click Here HKU Image-driven fuzzy-based system to construct as-is IFC BIM objects Journal 08/2018 Qiuchen LU Sanghoon LEE Long CHEN Various new data capturing technologies and object recognition systems have been developed to construct as-is building information models (BIMs) for operations and maintenance (O&M) management of existing buildings. However, a crucial challenge occurs in existing systems when semantic building information is captured under uncontrolled environmental conditions, especially in complex environments with poorly textured features (e.g., no obvious characteristics, edges, points, or lines). This study presents a semiautomatic image-driven system to recognize building objects and their materials and reviews the state-of-the-art object and material recognition methods and systems. A novel semiautomatic image-driven system was developed according to the new neuro-fuzzy framework for recognition of building objects and based on material classification procedures supported by an extensible texture library constructed to recognize their surface materials. More than 600 images were collected for the training process to develop this system, and more than 200 images were used for system verification. The results of the verification experiments show that the developed system can successfully recognize five kinds of building objects (i.e., beams, columns, windows, doors, and walls) and their corresponding surface materials from a single image taken by a handheld digital camera. Furthermore, the recognized building objects are automatically represented in industry foundation classes (IFC), a standard data schema for BIMs. The developed system is highly accurate, robust, and time-efficient for constructing as-is BIM objects in IFC and can help both BIM researchers and practitioners to develop information-rich BIMs in the O&M phase. Click Here HKU Activity theory-based analysis of BIM implementation in building O&M and first response Journal 01/2018 Qiuchen LULong CHENSanghoon LEEXiaojing ZHAO The construction industry has worked towards embracing Building Information Model (BIM) innovations for improving the efficiency, accuracy and reliability nowadays. However, the implementation of BIM in building Operations & Maintenance (O&M) is still limited. Previous research only focused on identifying influential factors for the promotion of BIM use in building O&M without considering the systematic manner and the dynamic nature of technology evolution process. This study thus aims to establish an analytical activity system model (ASM) using the activity theory to analyze the BIM use in building O&M in a systematic and dynamic way. The ASMs (traditional and evolutionary) of two different statuses (i.e., without and with BIM-assisted O&M) and the corresponding evolution processes were established based on the critical process models with actors and activities identified in the 1st round interviews with 14 experts. Then, the contradictions as the drivers of evolution in the ASM from the traditional one to the evolutionary BIM-assisted O&M have been examined based on the 2nd round interviews involving the 14 experts and 32 questionnaire surveys. An ASM based driver model of evolution for the BIM-assisted O&M is finally constructed. 26 innovation-oriented internal drivers and six demand-oriented external drivers have been identified, and 21 recommended actions, with the context of social, political and technical influences, have been proposed correspondingly to enhance the identified drivers to achieve BIM-assisted O&M. These results provide a map for O&M practitioners, policy makers and researchers to promote the implementation of BIM in O&M, and are beneficial to the delivery of BIM in building O&M. Click Here HKU Application of information technology in materials logistics in the Hong Kong construction industry Thesis 04/2000 YAN Kwok Wing N.A. N.A. HKU The Empirical Study of the Challenges and Barriers of Adoption of Building Information Model (BIM) in Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) Industry in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2013 CHUNG Man Sheung N.A. N.A. HKU Building Information Modelling Implementation and Adoption in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2013 WANG Yifan N.A. N.A. HKU The Investigation on the Usage of Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2014 POON Ho Yu N.A. N.A. HKU Is Building Information Modelling (BIM) a Tool or a Substitute to Quantity Surveyors? Thesis 04/2015 FU Ka Chun N.A. N.A. HKU The Application of Historic Building Information Modeling (HBIM) in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2016 CHAN Tsz Ho N.A. N.A. HKU BIM-based Building Approval E-submission in Hong Kong: Prospects and Challenges Thesis 04/2016 HUI Put N.A. N.A. HKU A Practical and Modern Approach to BIM Application for Quantity Surveying in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2016 TSE Tung N.A. N.A. HKU Communication in Construction: A Cost Management Perspective through Bim Case Studies Thesis 04/2017 LAW Cheuk Fung N.A. N.A. HKU Relations between Organizational Change and Building Information Modelling Implementation: A Social Network Analysis Thesis 04/2017 LEUNG Hiu Lam N.A. N.A. HKU A Study to Review and Redefine the QS Core Competencies in a BIM Environment in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2018 YU Kin Kwan N.A. N.A. HKU The Determinants of Information Technology Applications in Retail under the Context of Shopping Malls in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2018 KAM Oi Man N.A. N.A. HKU Defining QS-BIM in Hong Kong Thesis 04/2019 Lee Curtise N.A. N.A. PolyU Journal of Civil Engineering and Management: "Evolution in the Intellectual Structure of BIM Research: A Bibliometric Analysis" Journal Paper 08/2017 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN Johnny K.W. WONG Building Information Modelling (BIM) processes have continued to gain relevance in the Architectural, En­gineering, and Construction (AEC) industry with more resources directed toward it. This study conducts a bibliometric analysis of 445 BIM articles to investigate and understand the pattern of BIM research which include defining BIM research categories, evaluating the project sectors that are influenced by BIM, and tracking the funding structure of BIM research. A network map that displays a visualization of the structure of BIM literature by research origin, funding structure and geographical scope was designed. None of the previous reviews of literature analyzed the BIM articles’ corpus to such level and depth. The findings revealed research categories such as construction and project management and BIM learning, adoption & practice as the core research areas in BIM and highlighted trending research themes in BIM research. Authors based in Asia and Europe received more research grants than their counterparts in other regions; likewise, two-third of the articles was authored by academics in the United States, Korea, and the United Kingdom. The study provides its readers with relevant research areas that require considerations, and the discussion of selected research areas provides an extensive understanding of salient BIM fields. Click Here PolyU Sustainable Cities and Society: "Identifying and Prioritizing the Benefits of Integrating BIM and Sustainability Practices in Construction Projects: A Delphi Survey of International Experts" Journal Paper 03/2018 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN The recent initiatives of the construction industry to embed sustainable strategies in its processes can be enhanced when clear and practical benefits of such integration are available to project stakeholders to support their decision-making. Hence, this study purports to evaluate the perceived benefits of integrating BIM initiatives and sustainability practices in construction projects. Delphi survey technique was used to solicit the perceptions of expert panel on the 36 identified benefits. Statistical tools were employed to analyze the derived data, and the consensus reached by the expert panel was validated using the interrater agreement statistics. The three most important benefits included the ability to enhance overall project quality and efficiency and improve the ability to simulate building performances and energy usage and facilitate better design products and multi-design alternatives. Comparative analyses among the expert groups lend credence to the strong consensus reached by the expert panel. Meanwhile, the study recommended strategies to enable the construction industry to key-in to these benefits as well as identifying prevalent research gaps in practice. The studyös findings will enhance the drive for the realization of the sustainable smart city as well as equip various stakeholders of the possibilities in its full adoption and implementation. Click Here PolyU Journal of Building Engineering: "Barriers to the Integration of BIM and Sustainability Practices in Construction Projects: A Delphi Survey of International Experts" Journal Paper 06/2018 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN Johnny K.W. WONG Albert P.C. CHAN The built environment faces numerous challenges in its quest to be more productive and sustainable, and to the adoption of a smart and creative process of carrying out the various operations. This study aims to investigate the profound barriers faced by construction stakeholders in their attempts to integrate BIM and sustainability practices in the construction processes. A two-round Delphi survey formed the basis of aggregating consensus among the expert panel based on a set of 38 factors derived via content analysis of previous research studies. Descriptive and inferential tests were employed for data analysis, and the results validated using the interrater agreement analysis. The three key barriers by descending order of significance are industry's resistance to change from traditional working practices, an extended period of adapting to innovative technologies and the lack of understanding of the processes and workflows required for BIM and sustainability. Deductions were also made based on the comparative analysis of the expert groups. The findings will advance the implementation of BIM and sustainability practices in construction projects and enable project stakeholders to focus on addressing the critical challenges discussed in this study. Click Here PolyU Benchmarking: An International Journal: "Development of a Benchmarking Model for BIM Implementation in Developing Countries" Journal Paper 08/2018 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to explore building information modeling (BIM) implementation and practices in developed economies by developing a benchmarking model that will enhance BIM adoption and implementation in developing countries.Design/methodology/approachThe research design adopted a qualitative approach which includes the desktop review of the extant literature as well as case study reviews of ten BIM projects using an explanatory case study technique to form the foundation upon which the study proposed the model. The moving basis heuristics technique was adopted to develop the scoring system.FindingsThe BIM benchmarking model and assessment template were developed which consisted of three-level concepts modeled to aid project organizations and project team in developing countries to assess and score the level of improvement and implementation of BIM in a project. A desktop review of BIM projects in developed countries demonstrated the significant improvements and benefits possible through the implementation of the established BIM benchmarking model.Practical implicationsThe assessment template in conjunction with the benchmarking model is useful for a comparative evaluation of similar BIM projects and benchmarking purposes. The study also discussed how current findings extends and contradicts previous findings.Originality/valueThe findings have provided policymakers, construction stakeholders and professional bodies in the construction industry in developing countries with valuable insights and counter-intuitive perspective that could facilitate the uptake of BIM in construction projects. Click Here PolyU Journal of Civil Engineering and Management: "Building Information Modelling and Project Information Management Framework for Construction Projects" Journal Paper 10/2018 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN The study aims to develop an effective BIM-project information management framework (BIM-PIMF) and associated assessment model for construction projects with a view to enhancing the functional management of project information. An explanatory case study technique and case study evidence from four BIM construction projects form the study’s research design. The study identified and established the three sub-criteria of the BIM-PIMF model which are the BIM process level factors, BIM product level factors, and the key indicators for a successful BIM deployment on construction project sites. These criterias were semantically linked to the development of the BIM-PIMF framework on a five-point metric scale. The deliverables of this study include the development of the BIM-PIMF framework, together with its analytical scoring system. The findings of the study will improve the information channels of and ease the integration of technological innovations in construction processes while improving the technical competencies of project staff. The study highlighted a basket of effective recommendations and strategies to enhance the deployment of BIM throughout a project lifecycle. Policymakers and government departments can utilize the model in assessing the level of usage of BIM in a construction project as one of the useful measures in gauging which construction firms to be provided subsidies. Click Here PolyU Sustainable Development: "Critical Success Factors of Implementing Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Sustainability Practices in Construction Projects: A Delphi Survey" Journal Paper 12/2018 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN The research study aims to explore and assess the critical success factors (CSFs) that can amplify the integration of building information modeling (BIM) and sustainability practices in construction projects. Delphi survey technique was employed to solicit the perceptions of experts on the 30 identified CSFs by means of a two‐round Delphi survey. The expert panel responses were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical tools. The key drivers identified in the study are related to people‐centric, and data and technology‐centric interventions in the built environment. Crucial deductions were formed on the basis of a comparative analysis of the expert groups. The study's findings have provided valuable lessons for local authorities, policymakers, and project stakeholders to strengthen the drive for achieving full adoption of green BIM initiatives. The study has also provided effective recommendations for increasing the uptake of BIM and sustainability practices in the construction industry, and has contributed to the existing body of knowledge about smart urbanization and hands‐on practice in the built environment. Click Here PolyU Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management: "An Empirical Survey of the Perceived Benefits of Executing BIM and Sustainability Practices in the Built Environment" Journal Paper 03/2019 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN PurposeThe increasing urbanization of the built environment has bolstered the need to promote green Building Information Modeling (BIM) initiative in new construction projects and the rehabilitation of old premises. This study aims to explore and examine the key benefits of the implementation of BIM and sustainability practices in the built environment.Design/methodology/approachThe study gathered the worldwide perceptions of 220 survey participants from 21 countries which were analyzed using descriptive and inferential analytical methods. The identified individual benefits of green BIM were further categorized into their underlying clusters using factor analysis.FindingsThe key benefits are related to enhancing project efficiency and productivity, ensuring real-time sustainable design and multi-design alternatives, facilitating the selection of sustainable materials and components, together with reducing material wastage and project’s environmental impact, among others. The study analyzed and compared the perceptions of the diverse groups of the respondents as well.Practical implicationsEffective blueprints and insightful recommendations for enhancing the various stakeholders’ capacities to implement green BIM in their construction projects were put forward to achieve the aim of sustainable smart urbanization.Originality/valueThe study identified salient benefits of the adoption of BIM and sustainability practices. The proper integration of these concepts and the execution of the recommended useful strategies by construction stakeholders, policymakers and local authorities will enable the built environment to reap the gains of its implementation. Click Here PolyU Journal of Building Engineering: "Perceived benefits of and barriers to BIM implementation in construction: The case of Hong Kong" Journal Paper 04/2019 Daniel W.M. CHAN Timothy O OLAWUMIAlfred M.L. HO BIM has experienced an increasing appeal in its adoption and implementation in the built environment worldwide in recent years. The current research study aims to identify and assess the perceived benefits of and barriers to BIM implementation in the Hong Kong construction industry. The study adopted a quantitative research design using a structured empirical questionnaire survey. Also, a comparative analysis of the perceptions of the respondents’ groupings was conducted. The major barriers to BIM adoption are related to the inherent resistance to change by construction stakeholders, inadequate organizational support and structure to execute BIM, and lack of BIM industry standards in Hong Kong. Meanwhile, the key benefits include better cost estimation and control, efficient construction planning and management, and improvement in design and project quality. Practical and insightful recommendations were suggested for policymakers, local authorities, construction firms, and other key stakeholders to increase the uptake of BIM in construction projects as well as to aid them in the quest for full adoption of BIM in the built environment. The practical implications of the research findings were also presented and discussed. Click Here PolyU Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management: "Critical Success Factors for Building Information Modelling (BIM) Implementation in Hong Kong" Journal Paper 05/2019 Daniel W.M. CHAN Timothy O OLAWUMIAlfred M.L. HO PurposeSome initiatives have been proposed and implemented to facilitate successful project delivery and improve coordination and collaboration in the design, construction and management phases of project development. Building information modeling (BIM) is one of those initiatives that, though recent, however, have made a significant impact on the construction industry in some countries. The paper aims to discuss this issue.Design/methodology/approachThis paper aims to explore the critical success factors for BIM implementation in the architecture, engineering and construction industry of Hong Kong through a mixed research method (structured empirical questionnaire survey and expert interviews).FindingsThe most influential success factor relates to the client’s acceptance with BIM projects, proper organizational structure to support a BIM system within the company and financial aid from the government to set up the BIM system. The expert interviewees also stressed the need for willingness from project staff members to learn and utilize BIM.Practical implicationsThis study has contributed to the establishment of more practical and effective strategies for ensuring full adoption of BIM in Hong Kong. Practical recommendations for enhancing BIM adoption in the construction industry were highlighted.Originality/valueThis study has established the key drivers leading to the success of BIM implementation in Hong Kong, as well as in the perspective of construction experts on how to enhance its uptake in construction projects. Click Here PolyU Sustainable Production and Consumption: "Concomitant Impediments to the implementation of Smart Sustainable Practices in the Built Environment" Journal Paper 09/2019 Timothy O OLAWUMIDaniel W.M CHAN The paper examines the major barriers to the application of smart tools to enhance the implementation of sustainability practices in the built environment. The study collated 38 types of impediments from a comprehensive desktop review of the literature, and the data collected were further subjected to expert review via the use of empirical questionnaire surveys. The perceptions of 220 professional respondents from 21 countries were collated via the surveys for statistical analysis and classification purposes. The study findings revealed the significant impediments as related to inadequate knowledge and skills, the current market structure and inherent resistance to change in the built environment, and organizational challenges, among others. A comparative analysis of the perceptions of the diverse groups of survey participants was conducted and discussed. The adoption of the survey findings is envisaged to help the built environment in minimizing the impact of these barriers and can serve as a policy instrument and useful guidelines for government agencies, stakeholders, and others towards ensuring BIM can be used to deliver the full potential of sustainability practices in the construction industry. The study has provided effective practical strategies and recommendations for enhancing the implementation of smart sustainability practices in the built environment. Click Here PolyU Construction Innovation: Information, Process, Management: "A Global Taxonomic Review and Analysis of the Development of BIM Research between 2006 And 2017" Journal Paper 04/2019 Abdullahi B SAKADaniel W.M CHAN PurposeThis paper aims to review the status of development of building information modelling (BIM), its trends and themes across the six continents of the world.Design/methodology/approachA total of 914 journal articles sought from the search engine of Web of Science (WOS) based on the country/region option of the WOS to group them into continents. A best-fit approach was then applied in selecting the suitable software programmes for the scientometric analysis and comparisons and deductions were made.FindingsThe findings revealed that there are differences in the development of BIM across the six continents of the world. South America and Africa are lagging in the BIM research and Australia and Asia are growing, whilst Europe and North America are ahead. In addition, there exist differences in the research themes and trends in these continents as against the single view presented in extant studies.Originality/valueThis study introduced a new approach to carry out a comparative and taxonomic review and has provided both academic researchers and industrial practitioners with a clear status of development of BIM research and the trend across the six continents of the world. Click Here PolyU Buildings: "A Scientometric Review and Metasynthesis of Building Information Modelling (BIM) Research in Africa" Journal Paper 04/2019 Abdullahi B SAKADaniel W.M CHAN Building Information Modelling (BIM) has been gaining widespread adoption in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry across the globe. Consequently, several research studies have attempted to construct a holistic review of the increasing BIM publications to identify the development trend using manual review, scientometric review, bibliometric review, or latent semantic review. These extant studies have often adopted a global view of the development despite the adoption of BIM varying across firms, countries, and continents. This approach is often regarded as not representative of the BIM development in countries and continents at the infancy stage. As BIM is still at the germinating stage of development in Africa and previous reviews are unrepresentative of BIM development in the AEC industry of Africa. This paper aims to present a scientometric review and metasynthesis of BIM development in the African AEC industry to explore the intellectual evolution of BIM, the status quo of BIM across the regions, and any potential barriers hindering BIM proliferation. The review findings revealed a varying level of BIM growth, with North Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa leading the research development, whilst East Africa and Central Africa are slightly lagging behind. Additionally, the major challenges facing BIM adoption was found as people/process-related barriers. This study has provided valuable insights into BIM development and application in the growing African AEC industry. Click Here PolyU Architectural Engineering and Design Management: "Knowledge, skills and functionalities requirements for quantity surveyors in building information modelling (BIM) work environment: an international Delphi study" Journal Paper 07/2019 Abdullahi B SAKADaniel W.M CHAN Previous research studies have identified a lack of skilled personnel and a lack of Building Information Modelling (BIM) knowledge and training as one of the major challenges hindering the adoption of BIM in the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry. Despite the significance of these challenges, there is a dearth of research studies to identify the necessary skills and knowledge to overcome these challenges. A few extant studies in this area focused on general domain skills and knowledge which may not sufficiently suit each domain. This study aims to identify a series of knowledge domains, domain-specific skills, and domain-specific functionalities needed for quantity surveyors to function in a BIM environment and for maintaining sustainable quantity surveying practice in the AEC industry. Delphi survey technique was adopted to aggregate the consensus of experts on knowledge, skills, and functionalities identified from the literature review coupled with experts’ collective reviews and opinions. The survey findings underscored the need for quantity surveyors to be BIM compliant and identified 8 knowledge areas, 7 domain-specific skills, and 9 domain-specific BIM functionalities for the quantity surveyors along with the industry required level of expertise using the cognitive domain of Bloom’s taxonomy. The survey findings will help mitigate possible fears of quantity surveyors as regards BIM adoption in practice and will be useful in the training and assessment of quantity surveyors to efficiently work in a BIM environment. Click Here PolyU Critical Success Factors for Building Information Modelling (BIM) Implementation in Hong Kong FYP 06/2015 HO Man Lai, Alfred Building Information Modeling (BIM), also named Virtual Prototyping Technology or n-D Modeling, introduces a new paradigm in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. With its innovative and user-friendly features, BIM can be adopted throughout various stages of construction projects including the design stage, construction stage and facility management stage. Design is no longer a sequential process but a parallel approach now. Therefore, Building Information Modeling (BIM) has become the cynosure of all eyes in the recent development of the Hong Kong construction industry.The primary aim of this study is to identify and analyze the Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for BIM implementation in Hong Kong from the perspectives of clients, consultants and contractors. The benefits of and barriers to BIM implementation in Hong Kong are also discussed and analyzed. By means of an empirical questionnaire survey and a series of structured interviews, the three most significant benefits, barriers and critical success factors for BIM implementation are identified. Some significant benefits of implementing BIM included better cost estimates and control, better understanding of design and lower construction cost. On the other hand, there are some major barriers impeding the wide adoption of BIM in the industry including cultural barrier, organizational structure that does not support BIM and insufficient interoperability of computer software.In order to accelerate the implementation of BIM in the Hong Kong construction industry, there are some essential critical success factors including the client’s acceptance with BIM projects, organizational structure to support BIM system within company and financial support from the government to set up the BIM system.Last but not least, some effective recommendations as provided by the interviewees to facilitate the future adoption of BIM in Hong Kong are also explored and discussed. The suggestions may be useful in formulating effective strategies for BIM application which are suitable for the local practices in Hong Kong.Building Information Modeling (BIM), also named Virtual Prototyping Technology or n-D Modeling, introduces a new paradigm in the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry. With its innovative and user-friendly features, BIM can be adopted throughout various stages of construction projects including the design stage, construction stage and facility management stage. Design is no longer a sequential process but a parallel approach now. Therefore, Building Information Modeling (BIM) has become the cynosure of all eyes in the recent development of the Hong Kong construction industry.The primary aim of this study is to identify and analyze the Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for BIM implementation in Hong Kong from the perspectives of clients, consultants and contractors. The benefits of and barriers to BIM implementation in Hong Kong are also discussed and analyzed. By means of an empirical questionnaire survey and a series of structured interviews, the three most significant benefits, barriers and critical success factors for BIM implementation are identified. Some significant benefits of implementing BIM included better cost estimates and control, better understanding of design and lower construction cost. On the other hand, there are some major barriers impeding the wide adoption of BIM in the industry including cultural barrier, organizational structure that does not support BIM and insufficient interoperability of computer software.In order to accelerate the implementation of BIM in the Hong Kong construction industry, there are some essential critical success factors including the client’s acceptance with BIM projects, organizational structure to support BIM system within company and financial support from the government to set up the BIM system.Last but not least, some effective recommendations as provided by the interviewees to facilitate the future adoption of BIM in Hong Kong are also explored and discussed. The suggestions may be useful in formulating effective strategies for BIM application which are suitable for the local practices in Hong Kong. Click Here CityU A Critical Review of the Barriers in Implementing Building Information Modeling (BIM) in Quantity Surveying (QS) Practices – Taking Off of Quantities FYP 04/2016 Emily Luk Ping CHIU The research aims to evaluate the barriers for local QS practices in applying BIM for building construction projects. N.A. THEi BIM: Education Needs in Hong Kong FYP 04/2019 KAN Chung Yin Joel While the use of BIM has been increasingly popular in the AEC industry in overseas countries, its adoption in Hong Kong, especially in the BSE field, remains limited. Since the provision of BIM training was previously reported as one of the conducive measures to the adoption of BIM for BSE, this project aims to provide an overview of BIM education approaches around the world, identify the demand of the BSE industry on graduates’ BIM skills by using questionnaires and focus group meetings, and eventually propose appropriate pedagogies in the local tertiary education on BIM for BSE. N.A. THEi Application of BIM on BEAM Plus NB v1.2 submission FYP 04/2019 CHAN Tsz Wing Government building projects with estimates more than $30 million are required to use BIM technology starting from 2018. Meanwhile, to strive for sustainability, more and more building projects are designed and built in accordance with the requirements of BEAM Plus NB v1.2 submission. It would obviously be of great benefit should the BEAM Plus submission be integrated with the BIM technology. This project aims to conduct a simulation research on identifying the potential BEAM Plus credits that a sample building can obtain by using BIM and investigating the feasibility of applying BIM to streamline the complicated BEAM Plus Certification process. N.A. THEi An integrated approach to use Building Information Modeling (BIM) and Structural Analysis , Design and Detailing for Steel Residential Building in Hong Kong FYP 04/2019 NG Chak Lam Architects use Building Information Modeling (BIM) process to produce a 3D model with architectural features. Structural engineers usually start the analysis and design process of the buildings by interpreting architectural drawings, creating design documentation, and creating various analytical models. They can save time in building their structural models by linking the existing architectural BIM models.Autodesk is one of the software providers for architecture / engineering / construction (AEC) industry. Revit Structure supports the building information modeling (BIM) process for structural engineers by providing a physical model to use for documentation and an associated analytical model to use for structural analysis and design. Robot Structural Analysis supports this process with its advanced analysis and multi-material design functionality. This interoperability reduces the time needed to create and update multiple analysis models and helps to avoid potential errors resulting from a manual coordination between analysis results and construction documentation. (Autodesk)This research study focuses on the automation of design and documentation of steel building between the structural design and analysis software and BIM models.BIM helps to support the project process from design, detailing, and fabrication, and installation. N.A. THEi An investigation into Building Information Modelling application in engineering projects in Hong Kong FYP 04/2019 SI Cheung Shing Building information modelling, or BIM, started to emerge as a concept back in the 1970s. Not until the beginning of the recent decade, there was a growing trend of implementing BIM in civil engineering / infrastructure sector in some overseas places such as the United States (US) and the United Kingdom (UK). In Hong Kong, so far, the use of BIM in the civil engineering sector still remains uncommon. This research aims to identify and understand the factors likely to affect the adoption and use of BIM in the engineering sector in Hong Kong. N.A. THEi Feasibility Study on Using BIM for Hong Kong BEAM PlusSubmission FYP 04/2019 CHUNG Choi Yat Oscar Because of climate change issue, people are becoming more interested in saving our planet. Nowadays, the term green building frequently appears in social media, news reports, government press releases, and academic circle. To unify the standards of green building design and construction, different green building professional certified councils have been set up, such as HKGBC, USGBC, IWBITM etc. On the other hand, BIM is the technology that integrates construction plan, 3D models, and other construction processes. In this project, firstly, it will discuss whether BIM can be used as tools for the BEAM Plus project submission in Hong Kong. The construction culture, advantages and disadvantages will also be summarized for Hong Kong new buildings development where BIM software could be used as a submission tool. Secondly, VTC Halls of Residence in Tsing Yi will be analyzed by REVIT including analysis on the solar direction, wind direction, materials of the external wall, piping system and electricity system. N.A.
CIC BIM Standards for Preparation of Statutory Plan Submissions

CIC BIM Standards for Preparation of Statutory Plan Submissions (December 2019) (只提供英文版本)


The Standards aims to set out: (a) General guidelines to facilitate AP/RSE/RGE in preparing statutory plans by BIM authoring software; and (b) Recommended good practices for the enhancement of submission standard. This BIM Standards is issued for reference and consultation, we welcome any feedback to bim@cic.hk. (The software templates and the software user-guides will be provided soon.)
BIMGBPS_e

Buildings Department - Guidelines for Using Building Information Modelling in General Building Plans Submission 2019 (只提供英文版本)


The Guidelines aim to set out:(a) General guidelines to facilitate APs in preparing GBP by BIM authoring software; and(b) Recommended good practices for the enhancement of submission standard. While non-conformity with the Guidelines will not constitute a ground for disapproval of the plans, the Building Authority (BA) may not accept the BIM GBP electronic files for the mathematical calculation of areas depending on the degree of non-conformity. Guidelines for Using Building Information Modelling in General Building Plans Submission 2019 GBP Revit Templates (rvt format) GBP Revit Templates (pdf format) GBP ArchiCad Templates (pla format) GBP ArchiCad Templates (pdf format)